arrow History

Hundred years ago, in the heart of the present game farm, there was the village of Tamrash, situated in the midst of the Rhodopes and full of life. Today it is only the history and the stone ruins hidden among the pine trees that keep the memory of the past. The once bare hills and mountainous ridges, with hundreds of sheep grazing on them, are now covered with thick pine, beech and spruce forests. At places, hidden in the forest, there are still the remains of Roman and Middle Ages roads, connecting Thrace with the White sea, used by the convoys of loaded mules. Walking along their cobblestones, the casual tourist may frighten a deer, a doe or a wild boar, or may unexpectedly experience the emotion from the sudden encounter with a bear.

Tamrash is documentary famous as a village from the middle of the 16th century. During 19th century, it becomes the centre of the events from the Rupchoska Nahiya (sub district) of the Plovdiv sanjak (district) in the Turkish Empire. By that time the village comprises about 300 houses with a population of 2 500 – 3 000 people.

During a quarter of a century, Tamrash was the administrative centre of a large region, including part of the Vacha and Chaya river valleys in the Chernatish section of the Rhodopes, taking in 50 – 60 villages, from Perushtitza  to Trigrad and from Yugovo to Vacha river. In 1832, Tamrash replaced Chepelare as a centre of the nahiya when the local deribey Hassan Aga Karahojoulu came into power, who took part in putting an end to the last raids of the Kardzhali gangs and inherited Kara Ibrahim – the killer of the notorious Kardzhali leader Mehmed Sinap. During the second half of the 19th century, in Tamrash came into power one of the sons of Hassan Aga – Ahmed Aga Tamrashli, a bright, colourful and disputed personality, who remained famous both in the Bulgarian and Turkish history. He ruled the nahiya with an iron fist during the historic times of 35 years – the struggle for church independence, the April uprising, the Liberation War, the “autonomy” and the “separation” of Goren Rupchos in the so called “Free will Pomak Republic”, the Unification and the “ceding” of this territory to Turkey.

Due to the participation of part of Tamrash population in the cruel suppression of the April uprising in the region and most of all in Perushtitza, the village was set on fire twice – during the Liberation War of 1877- 1878 and in 1912. The first time the population of Tamrash returned and rebuilt it, but once it was ruined for a second time right at the beginning of the Balkan War, its population emigrated in droves to the Anadola in the Asian part of Turkey, where even nowadays there is a village by the same name - Tamrash.
In 1912, from the heights of Tamrash began the Balkan War as well.

In the period of 1920 – 1930, the Bulgarian state undertook a forestation of the bare until then mountainous hills and nowadays the whole mountain is covered with thick forests, where their wild inhabitants sneak through the sticking out gravestones. In the rocky history of the Rhodopes there are many non-deciphered inscriptions. Tamrash is one of them.